A study from the Pew Research Center shows stark differences on transgender issues among Americans as it relates to whether it’s possible for someone to be a gender different from the sex they were assigned at birth.
Overall, over half of Americans (54%) say sex is determined at birth, while 44% say someone can be a man or a woman regardless of biological determination at birth.
Not surprising, many Americans are divided in their political beliefs when breaking the data into political parties.
Democratic voters, with bachelor’s degree or more education, are more likely than other Democrats to say a person’s gender can be different from the sex they were assigned at birth. About three quarters (77 %), of those educated Democrats, think that someone’s gender can be different at birth despite biology and genetics. However, sixty-percent of Democrats with some college education and 57 % of Democrats with high school diplomas believe that gender is assigned biologically and genetically at birth.
Interestingly, 55% of black Democratic voters and 41% of Hispanic Democratic voters say that a person’s sex is assigned at birth. For white Democratic voters, 24% share this view.
Eighty percent of Republican voters say they believe sex is assigned based on biology and genetics; moreover, Republicans rely on the expertise of doctors and parents, according to the survey.
When one takes away the political party designations and focuses on age demographics, Millennials are somewhat more likely than older generations to say someone can be a man or a woman, even if that is different from the sex they were assigned at birth. Half of Millennials say this, compared with roughly four-in-ten Gen Xers (41%), Boomers (43%) and members of the Silent Generation, born between the 1920’s and 1940, (37%).
The study also finds that for the first time, many Republican voters (54%) favor acceptance of homosexuality. In 1994, a similar study reports that 38% of Republicans accepted homosexuality. Among Democratic voters, homosexuality acceptance increased from 54% to 83%.
The study also finds stark differences within each political party as it relates to immigration, racial discrimination, and foreign policy.